## Minimax principles, Hardy-Dirac inequalities, and operator cores for two and three dimensional Coulomb-Dirac operators

### Summary

Summary: For $n\in{2,3}$ we prove minimax characterisations of eigenvalues in the gap of the $n$ dimensional Dirac operator with an potential, which may have a Coulomb singularity with a coupling constant up to the critical value $1/(4-n)$. This result implies a so-called Hardy-Dirac inequality, which can be used to define a distinguished self-adjoint extension of the Coulomb-Dirac operator defined on $C_{0}^{\infty}(\{R}^{n}\setminus{0};\{C}^{2(n-1)})$, as long as the coupling constant does not exceed $1/(4-n)$. We also find an explicit description of an operator core of this operator.

### Mathematics Subject Classification

49R05, 49J35, 81Q10

### Keywords/Phrases

minimax principle, Hardy-Dirac inequality, Coulomb-Dirac operator